The following pictures show what
abortion is really like.
As it has been said, pictures never lie.
The pictures that you are about to see are very graphic. But, maybe, if
these pictures are too horrible to look at, then maybe we should be
doing something about it!!
One thing for certain YOU WILL
NEVER VIEW ABORTION THE SAME AGAIN.
Also,below is a list of abortion
methods listed below to answer Which? When? and How? Referenced
material courtesy of
the National Right to Life Committee
Dilatation (Dilation) and Curettage (D&C)
Dilatation (Dilation) and Evacuation (D&E)
Salt Poisoning or Saline Injection
Hysterectomy 2nd and 3rd Trimesters
- Suction aspiration
or "vacuum curettage," is the abortion technique used in most first
trimester abortions. A
powerful suction tube with a sharp cutting edge is inserted into the
womb through the dilated cervix. The suction dismembers the body of
the developing baby and tears the placenta from the wall of the
uterus, sucking blood, amniotic fluid, placental tissue, and fetal
parts into a collection bottle. Great care must be taken to
prevent the uterus from being punctured during this procedure, which
may cause hemorrhage and necessitate further surgery. Also,
infection can easily develop if any fetal or placental tissue is left
behind in the uterus. This is the most frequent post-abortion
- Dilatation (Dilation) and Curettage (D&C)
In this technique, the cervix is dilated or stretched to permit the
insertion of a loop shaped steel knife. The body of the baby is cut
into pieces and removed and the placenta is scraped off the uterine
wall.  Blood loss from D & C, or "mechanical" curettage is greater
than for suction aspiration, as is the likelihood of uterine
perforation and infection.  This method should not be confused
with routine D&C’s done for reasons other than undesired pregnancy (to
treat abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, etc.). 
chemotherapy used to treat cancer and Multiple Sclerosis)
The procedure with methotrexate is similar to the one using RU 486,
though administered by an intramuscular injection instead of a pill.
Originally designed to attack fast growing cells such as cancers by
neutralizing the B vitamin folic acid necessary for cell division,
methotrexate apparently attacks the fast growing cells of the
trophoblast as well, the tissue surrounding the embryo that
eventually gives rise to the placenta. The trophoblast not only
functions as the "life support system" for the developing child, 
drawing oxygen and
nutrients from the mother’s blood supply and disposing of carbon dioxide
and waste products,  but also produces the hCG (human chorionic
gonadotropin) hormone which signals the corpus luteum to continue the
production of progesterone necessary to prevent breakdown of the uterine
lining and loss of the pregnancy.  Methotrexate initiaties the
disintegration of that sustaining, protective, and nourishing
environment. Deprived of the food, oxygen, and fluids he or she needs to
survive, the baby dies. Three to seven days later (depending on the
protocol used), a suppository of misoprostol (the same prostaglandin
used with RU 486) is inserted into a woman’s vagina to trigger expulsion
of the tiny body of the child from the woman’s uterus. Sometimes this
occurs within the next few hours, but often a second dose of the
prostaglandin is required, making the time lapse between the initial
administration of methotrexate and the actual completion of the abortion
as long as several weeks.  A woman may bleed for weeks (42 days in
one study ), even heavily,  and may abort anywhere -- at home,
on the bus, at work, etc.  Those found to be still pregnant in later
visits (at least 1 in 25) are given surgical abortions.  Even
doctors who support abortion are reluctant to prescribe methotrexate for
abortion because of its high toxicity and unpredictable side effects.
 Those side effects commonly include nausea, pain, diarrhea,  as
well as less visible but more serious effects such as bone marrow
depression, severe anemia, liver damage and methotrexate-induced lung
disease.  The manufacturer warns in the package insert that while
methotrexate has shown itself useful in treating certain types of cancer
and severe cases of arthritis and psoriasis, "deaths have been reported
with the use of methotrexate," and recommends that its use be limited to
"physicians whose knowledge and experience includes the use of
antimetabolite therapy."  Though researchers performing methotrexate
abortions have dismissed such concerns because of the low dosage used,
 other doctors in the abortion trade have disagreed,  and the
package insert clearly warns that "toxic effects may be related in
frequency and severity to dose or frequency of administration but have
been seen at all doses" (emphasis added). 
- RU 486
While many people focus solely on RU 486, the so-called " French
abortion pill," the RU 486 technique actually uses two powerful
synthetic hormones with the generic names of mifepristone and
misoprostol  to chemically induce abortions in women five-to-nine
weeks pregnant. The RU 486 procedure requires at least three trips
to the abortion facility. In the first visit, the woman is given a
physical exam, and if she has no obvious contra-indications ("red flags"
such as smoking, asthma, high blood pressure, obesity, etc., that could
make the drug deadly to her ), she swallows the RU 486 pills. RU 486
blocks the action of progesterone, the natural hormone vital to
maintaining the rich nutrient lining of the uterus. The developing baby
starves as the nutrient lining disintegrates.At a second visit 36 to
48 hours later, the woman is given a dose of artificial prostaglandins,
usually misoprostol, which initiates uterine contractions and usually
causes the embryonic baby to
be expelled from the uterus.  Most women abort during the 4-hour
waiting period at the clinic, but about 30% abort later at home, work,
etc.,  as many as 5 days later. A third visit about 2 weeks
later determines whether the abortion has occurred or a surgical
abortion is necessary to complete the procedure (5 to 10% of all
cases).There are several serious well documented side effects
associated with RU 486/prostaglandin abortions, including prolonged (up
to 44 days)  and severe bleeding, nausea, vomiting,  pain,
 and even death. At least one woman in France died while others
there suffered life-threatening heart attacks from the technique. 
In U.S. trials conducted in 1995, one woman is known to have nearly died
after losing half her blood and requiring emergency surgery. Long
term effects of the drug have not yet been sufficiently studied, but
there are reasons to believe that RU 486 could affect not only a woman’s
current pregnancy, but her future pregnancies as well, potentially
inducing miscarriages or causing severe malformations in later children.
Dilatation (Dilation) and Evacuation (D&E)
Used to abort unborn children as old as 24 weeks, this method is similar
to the D&C. The difference is that forceps with sharp metal jaws are
used to grasp parts of the developing baby, which are then twisted and
torn away. This continues until the child’s entire body is removed from
the womb. Because the baby’s skull has often hardened to bone by this
time, the skull must sometimes be compressed or crushed to facilitate
removal. If not carefully removed, sharp edges of the bones may cause
cervical laceration. Bleeding from the procedure may be profuse. 
Dr. Warren Hern, a Boulder, Colorado abortionist who has performed a
number of D&E abortions, says they can be particularly troubling to a
clinic staff and worries that this may have an effect on the quality of
care a woman receives. Hern also finds them traumatic for doctors too,
saying "there is no possibility of denial of an act of destruction by
the operator. It is before one's eyes. The sensation of dismemberment
flow through the forceps like an electric current." 
Salt Poisoning or Saline Injection
Otherwise known as "saline amniocentesis," "salting out," or a
"hypertonic saline" abortion, this technique is used after 16 weeks of
pregnancy, when enough fluid has accumulated in the amniotic fluid sac
surrounding the baby. A needle is inserted through the mother’s abdomen
and 50-250 ml (as much as a cup) of amniotic fluid is withdrawn and
replaced with a solution of concentrated salt.  The baby breathes
in, swallowing the salt, and is poisoned. The chemical solution also
causes painful burning and deterioration of the baby’s skin. 
Usually, after about an hour, the child dies. The mother goes into labor
about 33 to 35 hours after instillation and delivers a dead, burned, and
shriveled baby.  About 97% of mothers deliver their dead babies
within 72 hours. Hypertonic saline may initiate a condition in the
mother called "consumption coagulopathy" (uncontrolled blood clotting
throughout the body) with severe hemorrhage as well as other serious
side effects on the central nervous system.  Seizures, coma, or
death may also result from saline inadvertently injected into the
woman’s vascular system.
Prostaglandins are naturally produced chemical compounds which normally
assist in the birthing process. The injection of concentrations of
artificial prostaglandins prematurely into the amniotic sac induces
violent labor and the birth of a child usually too young to survive.
Often salt or another toxin is first injected to ensure that the baby
will be delivered dead,  since some babies have survived the trauma
of a prostaglandin birth and been born alive.  This method is used
during the second trimester.  In addition to risks of retained
placenta, cervical trauma, infection, hemorrhage,  hyperthermia,
bronchoconstriction, tachycardia,  more serious side effects and
complications from the use of artificial prostaglandins, including
cardiac arrest and rupture of the uterus, can be unpredictable and very
severe. Death is not unheard of. 
Because of the dangers associated with saline methods, other
instillation methods such as hypersomolar urea are sometimes employed,
 though these are less effective and usually must be supplemented by
oxytocin or a prostaglandin in order to achieve the desired result. 
Incomplete or failed abortion remains a problem with urea methods, often
precipitating the additional risk of surgery. As with other instillation
techniques, gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea or vomiting are
frequent, but the most common problem with second trimester techniques
is cervical injuries, which range from small lacerations to complete
detachments of the anterior or posterior cervix. Between 1% and 2% of
patients using urea must be hospitalized for treatment of endometritis,
an infection of the lining oft he uterus.
- Intracardiac Injections.
Since the advent of fertility drugs, multi-fetal pregnancies have
become common. "The frequency of triplet and higher pregnancies . . .
has increased 200% since the early 1970s."
Since these are usually born prematurely and some
have other problems, a new method has been developed. Assisted Repro.
Techniques . . . , L. Wilcox, Fertl. & Sterility, vol. 65, #2,
Feb. ’96, pg. 361
At about 4 months a needle is inserted through
the mother’s abdomen, into the chest and heart of one of the fetal
babies and a poison injected to kill him or her. This is "pregnancy
reduction." It is done to reduce the number or to kill a handicapped
baby, if such is identified. If successful, the dead baby’s body is
Sometimes, however, this method results in the
loss of all of the babies.
- Hysterectomy 2nd and 3rd Trimesters
Similar to the Caesarean Section, this method is generally used if
chemical methods such as salt poisoning or prostaglandins fail (see
pp. 12-14). Incisions are made in the abdomen and uterus and the baby,
placenta, and amniotic sac are removed.  Babies are sometimes born
alive during this procedure, raising questions as to how and when
these infants are killed and by whom. This method offers the highest
risk to the health of the mother, because the potential for rupture
during subsequent pregnancies is appreciable.  In the first two
years of legal abortion in New York State, the death rate from
hysterotomy was 271.2 deaths per 100,000 cases. 
- Partial-Birth Abortion
Abortionists sometimes refer to these or similar types of abortions
using obscure, clinical-sounding euphemisms such as "Dilation and
Extraction" (D&X), or "intact D&E" (IDE) which mask the realities of
how the abortions are actually performed.  This procedure is used
to abort women who are 20 to 32 weeks pregnant -- or even later into
pregnancy. It takes about 3 days to dilate the cervix for the
procedure. Guided by ultrasound, the abortionist reaches into
the uterus, grabs the unborn baby’s leg with forceps, and pulls the
baby into the birth canal, except for the head, which is deliberately
kept just inside the womb. (At this point in a partial-birth abortion,
the baby is alive.) Then the abortionist jams scissors into the back
of the baby’s skull and spreads the tips of the scissors apart to
enlarge the wound. After removing the scissors, a suction catheter is
inserted into the skull and the baby’s brains are sucked out. The
collapsed head is then removed from the uterus.
Phillip G. Stubblefield, "First and Second Trimester Abortion," in
Gynecologic and Obstetric Surgery, ed. David H. Nichols (Baltimore:
Mosby, 1993) p. 1016. Also, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control
(CDC), "Abortion Surveillance: Preliminary Data -- United States,
1991, " Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 43, No. 3, 1994,
p. 43, puts the percentage of suction curettage abortions relative to
other techniques at 98%, though the CDC admits that their numbers
include a number of D & E abortions which should be classified
otherwise (personal communication with Lisa Koonin,Division of
Reproductive Health, CDC, March 6, 1996).
U.S. Senate Report of the Committee on the Judiciary, Human Life
Federalism Amendment, Senate Joint Resolution 3, 98th Congress, 1st
Session, legislative day June 6, 1983, p. 36. (Hereafter referred to as
Human Life Federalism Amendment).
- A. Jefferson Penfield, M.D., Gynecologic Surgery Under Local
Anesthesia, (Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzenburg, 1986), p. 79.
- Jane E. Hodgson, M.D.,"Abortion by vacuum aspiration," Abortion and
Sterilization: Medical and social aspects, Jane E. Hodgson, ed. (New
York: Academic Press, Grune and Strathon, 1981), pp. 256-258.
- Ibid, pp. 256, 260-261.
- Human Life Federalism Amendment, cited in note 10, p. 36.
- F. Gary Cunningham, M.D., et al, Williams Obstetrics, 19th ed.
(Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lang,1993), p.683.
- Penfield,cited in note 11, pp. 50-51.
- According to Andrea Sachs, because of these generic names, the RU
486 technique is sometimes referred to as the "M & M " method. "Abortion
Pills on Trial," TIME, December 5, 1994, p. 45.
- Étienne-Émile Baulieu, M.D., Ph. D., "1993: RU 486 -- A Decade on
Today and Tomorrow," in Clinical Applications of Mifepristone (RU 486)
and Other Antiprogestins, Institute of Medicine, eds. Molla .S.
Donaldson et al (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1993), p.
92-96. Though Baulieu, creator of the abortion pill, recommends its use
up to nine weeks, American trials have found the method considerably
less effective after the seventh week, according to Carol Jouzaiis,
"Abortion Pill Clinic Tests Drawing to a Close in U.S.," Chicago
Tribune, Wednesday, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
- The Population Council of New York, Release, October 27, 1994, p. 3.
The Population Council isthe entity conducting tests on RU 486 in the
United States. The regimen in France, where the drug was first developed
and approved, involves a total of four visits, adding an additional week
for reflection prior to the ingestion of the pills (Diane Gianelli, "RU
486 effective, not problem-free, " American Medical News, April 12,
1993, p. 25.
- See Janice G. Raymond, Renate Klein, Lynette J. Dumble, RU 486:
Misconceptions, Myths, and Morals (Cambridge, MA: Institute on Women and
Technology, 1991), pp. 17, 34, 35; and Beatrice Couzinet, M.D., et al,
"Termination of Early Pregnancy by the Progesterone Antagonist RU 486 (Mifepristone),
" New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 315 (December 18, 1986), p. 1565;
Louise Silvestre, M.D., et al, "Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy with
Mifepristone (RU 486) and a Prostaglandin Analogue," New England Journal
of Medicine, Vol. 322 (March 8, 1990), p. 645.
- Raymond, Klein, and Dumble,Misconceptions, cited in note 20, pp.
- André Ulmann, et al, "Medical Termination of Early Pregnancy With
Mifepristone (RU 486) Followed By A Prostaglandin Analogue," Acta Obst.
Gyn. Scand., Vol. 71 (1992), pp. 280-281.23. Population Council,
Release, cited in note 19, p. 3
- Population Council, Release, cited in note 19, p. 3
- Gianelli, "RU 486 effective..." cited in note 19, p. 25.
- Élisabeth Aubeny and É.É.Baulieu, "Contragestion with Ru 486 and an
orally active prostaglandin," C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris (III), Vol. 312
(1991), pp. 539-545, obtained a 95% completion rate with women 49 days
amenorrhea or less. Carolyn McKinley, et al, "The effect of dose of
mifepristone and gestation on the efficacy of medical abortion with
mifepristone and misoprostol," Hum. Reproduc., Vol. 8 (1993), pp.
1502-1503, obtained a completion rate of 89.1% for women 50-63 days
- Mary W. Rodger
and David T. Baird, "Blood loss following a prostaglandin analogue (Gemeprost)"
Contraception, Vol. 40 (1989), pp. 439-447.
- UK Multicentre Trial, "The efficacy and tolerance of mifepristone
and prostaglandin in first trimester termination of pregnancy, B.J. Obst.
& Gyn., Vol. 97 (1990), pp. 480-486.
Population Council, Release, cited in note 19, p. 3.
- Population Council, Release, cited in note 19, p. 3.
- McKinley, et al, "The effect of dose of mifepristone...," cited in
note 25, p. 1504.
- Alan Riding, "Frenchwoman’s Death is Linked To Abortion Pill and a
Hormone," New York Times, April 10, 1991, p. A-10
- Mark Louviere, M.D., "Group lied when it said ‘abortion pill’ test
resulted in no complications,’ Waterloo Courier, September 24, 1995, p.
F3. See alsoTom Carney, "‘Abortion pill’ test goes awry for one
patient," Des Moines Register, September 21, 1995, pp. 1M, 5M.
- Raymond, Klein, and Dumble, Misconceptions, cited in note 20 ,
- Richard U. Hausknecht, M.D., "Methotrexate and Misoprostol to
Terminate Early Pregnancy," New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 33,
No. 9 (August 31, 1995), p.538, and Eric A Schaff, M.D., et al,
"Combined Methtrexate and Misoprostol for Early Induced Abortion,"
Archives of Family Medicine, Vol. 4. 1995, p. 2.
- Mitchell D. Creinin, M.D., "Methotrexate for abortion at £42 days
gestation," Contraception, Vol. 48, No. 6 (December, 1993), p. 519.
- Daniel R. Mishell, Jr., M.D., and Val Davajan, M.D., Infertility,
Contraception, & Reproductive Endochrinology, 2nd Ed. (Oradell, NJ:
Medical Economics Books, 1986), pp. 120.
- Keith Moore, Ph.D., Essentials of Human Embryology (Philadelphia:
B.C. Decker, Inc., 1988), p. 10.
- Mishell and Davajan, cited in note 35, p. 120.
- Schaff, et al, cited in note 33, p. 4. The precise time of abortion
is hard to specify; while Schaff measured decrease in ßhCG levels as an indicator of abortion,
Hausknecht (cited in note 33) looked for the "expulsion of the products
of conception" or the "passage of tissue" (P. 538). Using this criteria,
Hausknecht still apparently had some who took at least 18 days to
abort (methotrexate on day 1, misoprostol day 7, repeat misoprostol, day
14, abortion 4 days later, pp.538-539). Those still pregnant at that
point underwent a surgical abortion.
- Mitchell D. Creinin, M.D., and Philip D. Darney, M.D., "Methotrexate and misoprostol for
early abortion," Contraception, Vol. 48 (October, 1993), p. 344.
- See Schaff, et al, cited in note 33, p. 4., Hausknecht, cited in
same note, pp. 538-539.
- Conversation between Richard U. Hausknecht, M.D., and Phil Donahue,
"An Abortion Pill by Prescription Without Surgery," The Phil Donahue
Show, September 26, 1995; Journal Graphics, Transcript #4346, pp. 2-4.
- Schaff, et al, cited in note 33, p. 2. See also Hausknecht, cited in
note 33, p. 538.
- According to an October 22,1993 article titled "Existing Drugs
Induced Abortions But some warn about toxicity," appearing on p. 7 of
Newsday (New York), the medical director of Planned Parenthood of New
York, Dr. Hakim Elahi indicated the side effects were so unpredictable
he would not use it as an abortion drug in any dose. In a letter to the
editors of the New York Times (April 8, 1996, at p. A14), abortionist
Don Sloan warned that methotrexate can produce severe anemias, ulcers,
and bone marrow depressions that can
be fatal,even at the doses used for abortion and said "many of us in the
‘abortion trade,’ as I am, are recoiling at the stark irresponsibility
of those who are parading this medication in such cavalier fashion."
- Schaff, et al, cited in note 33, p. 4.
- Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR), 47th edition (Montvale, NJ:
Medical Economics Data, 1993)., p. 1245.
- PDR, cited above.
- Richard Hausknecht, interviewed by Charlayne Hunter-Gault, MacNeil-Lehrer
News Hour, PBS, August 30, 1995.
- See Drs. Hakim Elahi and Don Sloan, cited in note 43.
- PDR, ctied in note 45, p. 1246.
- Warren M. Hern, M.D., Abortion Practice (Philadelphia: J.B.
Lipincott Company, 1984), pp. 153-154. See also Human Life Federalism
Amendment, cited in note 10, p. 36.
- Warren M. Hern, M.D., and Billie Corrigan, R.N., "What About Us?
Staff Reactions to the D & E Procedure," paper presented at the Annual
Meeting of the Association of Planned Parenthood Physicians, San Diego,
California, October 26, 1978.
- Nelson B. Isada, MD., et al, mention potassium chloride and digoxin
in "Fetal Intracardiac Potassium Chloride Injection to Avoid the
Hopeless Resuscitation of an Abnormal Abortus: I. Clinical Issues,"
Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 80, No. 2 (August 1992), pp.296, 298,
(though they administered this directly into the baby’s heart, rather
than just the surrounding amniotic sac), and Marc A. Bygdeman mentions,
but does not discuss in detail, the use of hypertonic glucose in
"Prostaglandin Procedures," Second Trimester Abortion, ed. Gary S.
Berger, et al (Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1981), p. 101.
Oxytocin, normally used to
stimulate contractions in full term pregnancies, can apparently also be
used as an abortifacient in mid-trimester pregnancies, if used in high
enough doses, according to Stubblefield, "First and Second Trimester
Abortion...,"cited in note 9, p. 1027.
- Thomas D. Kerenyi, "Hypertonic Saline Instillation," in Second
Trimester Abortion, cited above, p. 81.
- R.S. Galen, P. Chauhan, H. Wietzner, et al, "Fetal pathology and
mechanism of fetal death in saline-induced abortion: a study of 143
gestations and critical reveiw of the literature," American Journal of
Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 120 (1974), p.347.
- Jeff Lyon, ‘Abortion paradox: A live baby," York Daily Record (York,
Pennsylvania), August 21, 1982. See also Congressional Record, March 23,
- Stephen L. Corson., M.D., et al, Fertility Control (Boston, MA:
Little, Brown, and Company, 1985), pp. 82-83.
- Thomas D. Kerenyi, Abortion and Sterilization, ed. Hodgson, cited in
note 12, p. 362.
- James R. Scott, M.D., et al, Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology,
6th ed. (Philadephia: J.B. Lippincott,1990), p. 726.
- Thomas D. Kerenyi, "Hypertonic Saline Instillation," in Second
Trimester Abortion, cited in note 52, p.83 and R. Bolognese and S.
Corson, Interruption of Pregnancy -- A Total Patient Approach
(Baltimore: Wilkins and Wilkins, 1985), p. 136.
- Marc A. Bygdeman, "Prostaglandin Procedures," in Second Trimester
Abortion, cited in note 52, p. 101.
- Ronald T. Burkman, Theodore M. King, Milagros F. Atienza, "Hyperosmolar
Urea," in Second Trimester Abortion,cited in note 52, pp. 109-110.
- Ibid., pp. 115-116.
- Nancy K. Rhoden, "The New Neonatal Dilemma: Live Births from Late
Abortions," The Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 72 (1984), p. 1458.
- Liz Jeffries and Rick Edmonds, "Abortion, The Dreaded Complication,"
The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 2, 1981, 4 page insert.
- Warren M. Hern, M.D., Abortion Practice, cited in note 50, pp. 123,
125. 66. Ibid., p. 125.
- Ibid., p. 125.67. James R. Scott, Danforth’s Obstetrics and
Gynecology, cited in note 58, p. 726.
- Willard Cates, M.D. and H.V.F. Jordaan, "Sudden Collapse and Death
of Women Obtaining Abortion Induced by Prostaglandin F2 Alpha," American
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 133 (February 15, 1979), pp.
398-400. See also David Grimes, M.D., et al, "Midtrimester abortion by
intra-amniotic prostaglandin F2a: Safer than saline?" Obstet Gynecol,
Vol. 49 (1977), p. 612 and A.C. Wentz, et al, "Posterior cervical
rupture following prostaglandin-induced midtrimester abortion," American
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 115 (1973), p. 1107.
- Some have also used the highly descriptive term "brain suction
abortion" to refer to the procedure.
- See Maureen Hack, et.al, "Very Low Birth Weight Outcomes of the
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal
Network," Pediatrics, Vol. 87, No. 5 (May 1991), p58.
- Dr. Martin
Haskell described the partial-birth abortion procedure, which he called
"dilation and extraction,"at a Sept. 1992 meeting of the National
Abortion Federation, a trade association of abortion providers. He said
he had done 700 of these "procedures." See Martin Haskell, M.D.,
"Dilation and Extraction for Late Second Trimester Abortion," in "Second
Trimester Abortion: From Every Angle," Fall Risk Management Seminar,
September 13-14, 1992, Dallas, Texas, National Abortion Federation. See
also Diane Gianelli, "Shock-tactic ads target late-term abortion
procedure," American Medical News (July 5, 1993), pp. 3, 15-16.
- Human Life Federalism Amendment, cited in note 10, p. 37.
- Cunningham, et al, cited in note 15, p. 683.
- P. Diggory, "Hysterotomy and hysterectomy as abortion techniques,"
in Abortion and Sterilization, ed. Hodgson, cited in note 12, p. 326.